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The Offices Internationales des Epizootes (OIE), (also known as World Animal Health Organization) has released a single list of animal diseases, infections and infestations that are of global public health, zoonotic and socioeconomic importance. This is an amendment from the previous list of diseases which were classified into “List-A” and “List-B” transmissible diseases respectively.

List-A category of diseases were described as “transmissible diseases that have the potential for very serious and rapid spread, irrespective of national borders, which have serious socioeconomic or public health consequence, and are of major importance in the international trade of animals and animal products”. They included the following 15 diseases – Foot and mouth disease (FMD), Swine vesicular disease, Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), Lumpy skin disease, Bluetongue virus diseases, African horse sickness, Classical swine fever (CSF), Newcastle disease, Vesicular stomatitis, Rinderpest disease, Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP), Rift Valley fever, Sheep pox and goat pox, African swine fever (ASF) and Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI).

On the other hand, List-B category of diseases was described as “transmissible diseases that are considered to be of socio-economic and/or public health importance within countries and that are significant in the international trade of animals and animal products”. This categorization was made to emphasize List-A diseases as greater threats to public health (for animal and human health) than List-B diseases.

However, in 2004, during the 72nd General Session of the International Committee of the OIE, a resolution was passed to instruct the OIE Headquarters to establish the new method of compiling a single OIE list of notifiable terrestrial and aquatic animal diseases. This resolution was backed by recommendations issued by the Regional Commissions of the OIE. According to the OIE, this list was recommended so that it would be in accordance with the terminologies of the Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement of the World Trade Organization. This ensures that all listed diseases will be given the same degree of importance in international trade of animals. The compiled list of diseases affect various domestic animal  and commercially relevant species including bovine, ovine, caprine, fish, amphibians, equine, avian species and more.

Since the list was established, it has been annually reviewed and modified with the revised versions coming into force every 1st of January. This year’s list in 2018 currently includes 117 animal diseases, infections and infestations. These diseases are all notifiable to relevant animal health authorities and are all of public health and socioeconomic importance in countries globally. They all have potential for international spread across countries and within naive populations, and most are considered to have zoonotic potential (that is, diseases spread from animals to humans). Each disease listed as follows has been categorized only according to primary animal specie(s) affected by the disease.

Multiple species diseases, infections and infestations

  • Anthrax
  • Bluetongue
  • Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever
  • Epizootic haemorrhagic disease
  • Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)
  • Heartwater
  • Infection with Aujeszky’s disease virus
  • Infection with Brucella abortus, Brucella melitensis and Brucella suis
  • Infection with Echinococcus granulosus
  • Infection with Echinococcus multilocularis
  • Infection with foot and mouth disease virus
  • Infection with rabies virus
  • Infection with Rift Valley fever virus
  • Infection with rinderpest virus
  • Infection with Trichinella 
  • Japanese encephalitis
  • New world screwworm (Cochliomyia hominivorax)
  • Old world screwworm (Chrysomya bezziana)
  • Paratuberculosis
  • Q fever
  • Surra (Trypanosoma evansi)
  • Tularemia
  • West Nile fever

Cattle diseases and infections

  • Bovine anaplasmosis
  • Bovine babesiosis
  • Bovine genital campylobacteriosis
  • Bovine spongiform encephalopathy
  • Bovine tuberculosis
  • Bovine viral diarrhoea
  • Enzootic bovine leukosis
  • Haemorrhagic septicaemia
  • Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis/infectious pustular vulvovaginitis
  • Infection with Mycoplasma mycoides mycoides SC (contagious bovine pleuropneumonia)
  • Lumpy skin disease
  • Theileriosis
  • Trichomonosis
  • Trypanosomosis (tsetse-transmitted)

Sheep and goat diseases and infections

  • Caprine arthritis/encephalitis
  • Contagious agalactia
  • Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia
  • Infection with Chlamydophila abortus(Enzootic abortion of ewes, ovine chlamydiosis)
  • Infection with peste des petits ruminants virus
  • Maedi-visna
  • Nairobi sheep disease
  • Ovine epididymitis (Brucella ovis)
  • Salmonellosis ( abortusovis)
  • Scrapie
  • Sheep pox and goat pox

Equine diseases and infections

  • Contagious equine metritis
  • Dourine
  • Equine encephalomyelitis (Western)
  • Equine infectious anaemia
  • Equine influenza
  • Equine piroplasmosis
  • Glanders
  • Infection with African horse sickness virus
  • Infection with equid herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1)
  • Infection with equine arteritis virus
  • Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis

Swine diseases and infections

  • African swine fever
  • Infection with classical swine fever virus
  • Infection with Taenia solium(Porcine cysticercosis)
  • Nipah virus encephalitis
  • Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome
  • Transmissible gastroenteritis

Avian diseases and infections

  • Avian chlamydiosis
  • Avian infectious bronchitis
  • Avian infectious laryngotracheitis
  • Avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)
  • Avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)
  • Duck virus hepatitis
  • Fowl typhoid
  • Infection with avian influenza viruses
  • infection with influenza A viruses of high pathogenicity in birds other than poultry including wild birds
  • Infection with Newcastle disease virus
  • Infectious bursal disease (Gumboro disease)
  • Pullorum disease
  • Turkey rhinotracheitis

Lagomorph diseases and infections

  • Myxomatosis
  • Rabbit haemorrhagic disease

Bee diseases, infections and infestations

  • Infection of honey bees with Melissococcus plutonius(European foulbrood)
  • Infection of honey bees with Paenibacillus larvae(American foulbrood)
  • Infestation of honey bees with Acarapis woodi
  • Infestation of honey bees with Tropilaelaps
  • Infestation of honey bees with Varroa (Varroosis)
  • Infestation with Aethina tumida(Small hive beetle).

Fish diseases

  • Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis disease
  • Infection with Aphanomyces invadans(epizootic ulcerative syndrome)
  • Infection with Gyrodactylus salaris
  • Infection with HPR-deleted or HPRO infectious salmon anaemia virus
  • Infection with salmonid alphavirus
  • Infectious haematopoietic necrosis
  • Koi herpesvirus disease
  • Red sea bream iridoviral disease
  • Spring viraemia of carp
  • Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia

 Mollusc diseases

  • Infection with abalone herpesvirus
  • Infection with Bonamia exitiosa
  • Infection with Bonamia ostreae
  • Infection with Marteilia refringens
  • Infection with Perkinsus marinus
  • Infection with Perkinsus olseni
  • Infection with Xenohaliotis californiensis

Crustacean diseases

  • Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease
  • Infection with Aphanomyces astaci(crayfish plague)
  • Infection with Hepatobacter penaei (necrotising hepatopancreatitis)
  • Infection with infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis virus
  • Infection with infectious myonecrosis virus
  • Infection with Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus (white tail disease)
  • Infection with Taura syndrome virus
  • Infection with white spot syndrome virus
  • Infection with yellow head virus genotype 1

Amphibians

  • Infection with Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis
  • Infection with Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans
  • Infection with Ranavirus species

Other diseases and infections

  • Camelpox
  • Leishmaniosis

 

Source – OIE

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