Out of the many livestock farming ventures in Nigeria, poultry remains one of the most common and most profitable. For a naïve person willing to start a poultry farm for commercial purposes, knowing what type and breed of birds to raise can be quite confusing. And it is very important for every prospective poultry farmer to understand this so that the birds can give you your expected outcomes. Therefore, read on as we discuss the common type and breeds of poultry birds, and their varying characteristics.
Type of poultry birds
The Layers poultry bird type are used majorly for commercial egg production and with regards to this, there are different breeds of layers that are highly productive comparatively with one another.
The Broilers poultry bird type are a group of rapidly growing poultry birds that are reared for the sole aim of meat production. They gain the required slaughter weight within a very short period of time and the cost of rearing them could be high. Basically, they are meant for commercial production of meats.
The cockerels; they are a group of hardy poultry birds that are also meant for meat production. The demand for the meat produced by cockerels is usually subjected to preferences and individual differences. Cockerels grow slower compared to other poultry bird types but they thrive well in almost all types of environment.
Common breeds of poultry birds in Nigeria
- Isa Brown – The Isa Brown layers are highly suitable for poultry farmers in Nigeria because they are a group of bird that is highly adaptable to various climatic conditions which makes them suitable for the hot weather condition that is prevalent in Nigeria . Isa brown layers have a great feed conversion ration which results in the farmer making huge financial gains because of the quantity and quality of eggs they produce. They rarely become broody. Below are some of the features of the Isa Brown Layers that make them highly profitable for the farmer;
Features and Advantages of Isa brown
- Livability is 94%
- Average egg weight is 62g
- Laying period is 18 to 90 weeks
- Peak percentage is 96%
- Average feed consumption per day is 110g
- Age at 50% production is 144 days.
- They are reared in different environmental condition
- They are very prolific.
- They have very good conversion rate
Disadvantages of Isa brown layers.
- Egg color could be variable
- Careful feeding is important to meet the demand of egg production.
- Prone to egg binding, prolapse and peritonitis
- Delkab-Amberlink – The Dekalb Amberlink is a Well Balanced and an all-round performance poultry bird. Often referred to as a champion egg layer with very strong and very brown eggs. The result is a predictable and proven profit. Delkab-Amberlink is white in color with some strains of brown color on them
As a poultry farmer and you are searching for a brown egg layer that looks good, ranges freely and offers the chance for an extended laying period, then this breed of layers bird which is hybrid is suitable for such purposes.
Features and advantages of this breed include the following,
- Liveability is 94.8%
- Peak of production is 95%
- Average egg weight is 60.7g
- Average feed intake is 114g/day
- Age at 50% production is 142 days.
Disadvantages of the Delkab-Amberlink include the following,
- They are prone to egg binding and prolapse
- Careful implementation of feeding regimen so as not to distort the laying of eggs.
- Laying can be unpredictable after the first year
- They don’t make reliable brooders if the farmer wants to hatch some eggs.
- They have a smaller egg weight
- Bovans Black – They are hybrid laying birds that were gotten from crosses between pure breeds. They are usually light, grows very fast with good conversion rate. They are highly adaptable layer breeds known for optimal technical. The Disadvantages that can be observed in the Bovans black are discussed as follows,
- They are bad brooders once the farmers wants to hatch some eggs.
- They are prone to egg-binding and prolapse
- They have poor feed conversion when compared to the Isa brown layers
Breed of Chicken – Bovans Black